Projects are unique undertakings. They involve many different activities, expertise, processes and situations. These differences have to be streamlined and integrated towards achieving project objectives. Only when this is done effectively and consistently throughout the project, the desired project objectives are met.
This integration needs to be carefully thought out and managed by a project manager. It involves bringing together different expertise and experience, linking different key processes, customizing project requirements as well as dealing with complex situations.
The process of integration is understood clearly by categorizing it differently to signify its importance and relevance in project management. Essentially the categories include cognitive integration, process integration, complexity integration as well as contextual integration.